How to Create Ad Groups in Google Ads


Google Ads, also known as Google AdWords, is a great way to increase the Search Engine Optimization (SEO) of your website. f you’re looking to harness the power of pay-per-click (PPC) advertising and optimize your online presence, understanding the importance of a well-structured account is crucial. At the heart of a successful campaign lies the Ad Group level, where you can fine-tune your ad text and keywords to align perfectly with your campaign goals. Thus, in this blog, we will delve into the key elements of account structure, ad text optimization, and ad rotation strategies to help you navigate through the intricacies of Google Search campaigns.

What are Ad Groups in Google Ads and Why are They Important?

In Google Ads, an Ad Group is a fundamental component of an advertising campaign. It is a way of organizing and grouping together a set of ads and related keywords that share a common theme or topic. Thus, Ad Groups play a crucial role in the structure and optimization of Google Ads campaigns, allowing advertisers to target specific audiences and control the relevance of their ads.

Here’s why Ad Groups are important in the Google Ads ecosystem:

  • Relevance and Targeting: Ad Groups allow advertisers to create focused and relevant ad sets that align with specific products, services, or themes. By grouping related keywords and ads together, advertisers can ensure that their ads are shown to the right audience.
  • Keyword Management: Within each Ad Group, advertisers can include a set of relevant keywords. These keywords determine when and where their ads will be displayed. By organizing keywords into specific groups, advertisers can better manage their strategies.
  • Quality Score: Google Ads assigns a Quality Score to each keyword based on its relevance to the ad and landing page. Well-structured Ad Groups with tightly related keywords and ad copy can improve the overall Quality Score of the campaign.
  • Ad Relevance and Click-Through Rates (CTR): When ads are closely related to the keywords they target, users are more likely to find them relevant and click on them. Higher click-through rates not only lead to better ad performance but also contribute positively to the ad’s quality and relevance in the eyes of Google’s algorithm.
  • Ad Copy Testing: Ad Groups enable advertisers to test different ad variations within specific themes or product categories. And this A/B testing allows them to determine which ad messages, offers, or calls-to-action perform better, leading to more effective ad optimization and higher conversion rates.

How Do You Set Up Ad Groups within A Google Ads Campaign?

Setting up Ad Groups within a Google Ads campaign involves a series of steps to ensure that your ads and keywords are organized in a way that maximizes relevance and performance. So, below is a step-by-step tutorial to guide you through the process:

1. Accessing the Google Ads Dashboard

  • Open your web browser and go to
  • Sign in to your Google Ads account using your Google credentials.
  • Once logged in, you will be directed to the Google Ads dashboard.

2. Creating a New Campaign

  • Click on the “Campaigns” tab on the left sidebar.
  • Click the blue “+ New Campaign” button.

3. Selecting a Campaign Goal

  • Choose the goal that aligns with your advertising objective. Google Ads offers different campaign types, such as Sales, Leads, Website Traffic, etc. Select the most relevant goal for your campaign.

4. Selecting a Campaign Type and Campaign Settings

  • Choose the campaign type that corresponds to your advertising goal. For example, if your goal is to drive website traffic, select “Website traffic.”
  • Name your campaign. Choose a descriptive name that helps you identify the campaign’s purpose.
  • Set your bidding strategy. You can choose from several options, such as “Maximize clicks,” “Target CPA,” “Target ROAS,” etc. Select the one that best fits your budget and objectives.
  • Set your daily budget. This is the maximum amount you are willing to spend on this campaign each day.

5. Creating an Ad Group

  • After setting up the campaign, click on the “Ad groups” tab.
  • Click the blue “+ New ad group” button.

6. Naming and Setting the Ad Group

  • Name your Ad Group. Choose a descriptive name that reflects the theme or topic of the ad group.
  • Then select the default bid for the Ad Group. This bid represents the maximum amount you are willing to pay for a click on your ad.

7. Adding Keywords to the Ad Group

  • Click on the “Keywords” tab within the Ad Group.
  • Click the blue “+ New keyword” button.
  • Then add relevant keywords related to your ad group’s theme. You can enter multiple keywords, each separated by a comma.

8. Creating Ads for the Ad Group

  • Click on the “Ads & extensions” tab within the Ad Group.
  • Click the blue “+ New ad” button.
  • Choose the type of ad you want to create, such as a Text ad, a Responsive search ad, etc.
  • Enter the headline, description, and URL for your ad. Make sure your ad copy is compelling and relevant to the keywords in your Ad Group.

9. Review and Save

  • Review all the settings, including campaign settings, Ad Group name, keywords, and ad copy.
  • Once you’re satisfied, click the “Save” or “Save and Continue” button to create the Ad Group.

What Best Practices Should Be Followed When Creating Ad Groups?

Creating well-structured and optimized Ad Groups is essential for the success of your Google Ads campaigns. Here are some best practices to follow when formulating Ad Groups:

  • Keyword Relevance and Grouping:
    • Group keywords that are highly relevant to each other within the same Ad Group. This ensures that your ads are closely related to the user’s search query, leading to higher ad relevance and click-through rates.
  • Limit Keywords per Ad Group:
    • Avoid overloading your Ad Groups with too many keywords. A good rule of thumb is to have no more than 10-20 closely related keywords in each group.
  • Landing Page Relevance:
    • Ensure that the landing page associated with each Ad Group is highly relevant to the ad copy and the targeted keywords. Because a consistent and seamless user experience from ad click to landing page improves conversion rates.
  • Ad Extensions:
    • Use ad extensions to enhance your ads and provide additional information to potential customers. Extensions, such as site links, call extensions, and location extensions, can improve ad visibility and click-through rates.
  • Bid Management and Optimization:
    • Set appropriate bids for each keyword in your Ad Groups based on their relevance, historical performance, and competition. Higher bids may be necessary for more valuable keywords.
  • Negative Keywords:
    • Implement negative keywords to prevent your ads from appearing for irrelevant searches. Because negative keywords ensure that your ads are only shown to the most relevant audience, improving your ad’s click-through rates and Quality Score.
  • A/B Testing:
    • Continuously conduct A/B testing for ad variations within each Ad Group. Test different ad copies, CTAs, and extensions to identify which elements perform best and drive higher conversions.

How to Select the Right Keywords for Your Ad Groups?

Selecting the right keywords for your Ad Groups is a crucial step in creating successful Google Ads campaigns. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you select the right keywords:

  • Understand Your Business and Objectives:
    • Begin by understanding your business, products, or services, as well as your advertising objectives. So, this understanding will guide your keyword research.
  • Brainstorm Seed Keywords:
    • Start by brainstorming a list of seed keywords related to your business. These are general terms or phrases that describe your products or services.
  • Use Google Keyword Planner:
    • Google Keyword Planner is a powerful tool provided by Google Ads that helps you discover relevant keywords and provides data on search volume and competition. Then access it by signing in to your Google Ads account.
  • Keyword Research with Google Keyword Planner:
    • In Keyword Planner, click on “Discover new keywords.”
    • Enter your seed keywords, your website URL (optional), and any relevant product or service categories.
    • Refine your targeting by selecting your target location, language, and search network (e.g., Google or Google and search partners).
    • Click on “Get results” to generate keyword ideas.
  • Evaluate Search Volume:
    • Review the list of keyword ideas generated by Google Keyword Planner. Pay attention to the average monthly search volume for each keyword. Higher search volumes generally indicate more significant potential traffic.
  • Assess Keyword Relevance:
    • Look for keywords that closely align with your business, products, or services. Focus on keywords that accurately represent what you offer and are likely to attract your target audience.
  • Consider Keyword Intent:
    • Pay attention to the intent behind the keywords. Are they informational, navigational, or transactional? Transactional keywords (e.g., “buy running shoes”) are more likely to lead to conversions.

What Role Does Ad Copy Play within An Ad Group?

Ad copy plays a critical role within an Ad Group as it directly impacts the success of your Google Ads campaign. So, here’s why ad copy is significant in Ad Groups and some tips for creating effective and persuasive ad copy:

  • Relevance to Keywords and Ad Group Theme:
    • Ad copy should align closely with the keywords and theme of the Ad Group. When users see ads that mirror their search queries, they are more likely to perceive them as relevant, increasing the chances of clicking on the ad.
  • Encourages Click-Throughs:
    • Well-crafted ad copy with clear and persuasive messaging can entice users to click on your ad to learn more about your product or service. Also, the copy should highlight your unique selling propositions (USPs) and any special offers or promotions.
  • Highlight Benefits and Solutions:
    • Focus on the benefits and solutions your product or service offers to potential customers. So, clearly communicate how your offering addresses their needs or solves their problems, making them more likely to click on your ad.
  • Include a Clear Call-to-Action (CTA):
    • A strong and clear CTA tells users what action you want them to take after clicking on the ad. Use phrases like “Shop Now,” “Sign Up Today,” etc. to prompt users to take the desired action.
  • Ad Extensions:
    • Utilize ad extensions to provide additional information and enhance your ad’s visibility. Extensions like site links and call extensions can give users more reasons to click on your ad.
  • Test Different Variations:
    • A/B tests different ad variations to identify which messages, CTAs, or offers resonate best with your audience. Thus, test multiple versions of ad copy within an Ad Group to find the most effective one.

How Can You Effectively Utilize Ad Extensions within Ad Groups?

Effectively utilizing ad extensions within Ad Groups can significantly enhance the performance of your Google Ads campaigns. Ad extensions provide additional information and options to your ads, making them more informative, engaging, and relevant to users. Here are the benefits of using ad extensions and an overview of the various extension types you can leverage to improve your ad performance:

Benefits of Ad Extensions:

  • Increased Visibility: Ad extensions expand your ad’s real estate on the search results page, making your ad more prominent and increasing its visibility to users.
  • Enhanced Relevance: Ad extensions allow you to provide more context and information, ensuring that your ads are more relevant to users’ search queries.
  • Improved Click-Through Rates (CTR): The additional information and options offered by ad extensions can entice users to click on your ad, leading to higher click-through rates.
  • Higher Quality Score: Google considers ad extensions when calculating Quality Score. Using relevant ad extensions can improve your ad’s Quality Score, positively impacting your ad rank and potentially reducing costs per click.
  • Better User Experience: Ad extensions provide valuable information to users before they click on your ad. This enhances the user experience and helps users find exactly what they are looking for.
  • More Conversions: Ad extensions can encourage users to take specific actions, such as making a phone call, visiting your physical store, or signing up for a newsletter, leading to increased conversions.

Types of Ad Extensions:

  • Sitelink Extensions: Allow you to add additional links to specific pages on your website, directing users to relevant sections or landing pages.
  • Call Extensions: Display your phone number alongside the ad, enabling users to call your business directly with a single click on their mobile devices.
  • Location Extensions: Show your business address, phone number, and a map marker to promote offline visits to your physical store.
  • Callout Extensions: Add short, descriptive texts to highlight specific features, offers, or benefits of your products or services.
  • Structured Snippet Extensions: Display specific information about your products or services using predefined headers like brands, amenities, product categories, etc.
  • Price Extensions: Showcase a list of your products or services with their respective prices, making it easier for users to compare offerings.
  • Message Extensions: Allow users to send text messages directly to your business through your ad.
  • Promotion Extensions: Highlight specific promotions, discounts, or offers to entice users to take action.
  • App Extensions: Promote your mobile app by providing a link that directs users to the app store to download the app.

Tips for Effective Use of Ad Extensions:

  • Choose relevant ad extensions that align with the goals of your Ad Group and the preferences of your target audience.
  • Use a mix of ad extensions to provide diverse information and options to users.
  • Regularly monitor the performance of ad extensions and adjust or rotate them based on their effectiveness.
  • Coordinate ad extensions with the ad copy and keywords within your Ad Group to ensure consistency and relevance.

What is the Significance of Theme Consistency in Ad Groups?

The significance of theme consistency in Ad Groups cannot be overstated when it comes to the success of your Google Ads campaigns. A consistent theme within an Ad Group ensures that keywords, ads, and landing pages align cohesively to create a relevant and engaging user experience. So, here’s why theme consistency is crucial and how it contributes to maximum relevance and performance:

Improved Ad Relevance:

When keywords, ads, and landing pages are all centered around a common theme, your ads become highly relevant to users’ search queries. Thus, this relevance increases the chances of your ad being shown to the right audience, attracting qualified leads and potential customers.

Higher Quality Score:

Google’s Quality Score is a crucial metric that affects your ad’s performance and cost. Theme consistency signals to Google that your ads are relevant to users, leading to a higher Quality Score. So, a higher Quality Score results in better ad rankings, lower costs per click, and improved ad performance.

Enhanced User Experience:

Consistency in your Ad Group ensures that users encounter a seamless and coherent journey from their search query to your ad and landing page. Users are more likely to engage with your ad and continue exploring your website when they find the information they expect.

Increased Click-Through Rates (CTR):

When your ads are aligned with users’ search intent, they are more likely to click on them. So, a higher CTR indicates that your ad is resonating with users and can lead to improved ad performance and higher Quality Scores.

Better Conversion Rates:

When users encounter a consistent message throughout their interaction with your Ad Group, they are more likely to convert. This is because the consistent message builds trust and confidence, increasing the likelihood of users taking the desired action, such as making a purchase or filling out a lead form.

Optimal Budget Allocation:

With theme consistency, you can optimize your budget allocation. When ads and keywords align with a common theme, you can better allocate your budget to the most relevant and high-performing parts of your campaign.

Improved Ad Testing and Optimization:

Theme consistency enables you to perform more accurate A/B testing. By testing variations of ad copy and keywords within the same theme, you can identify which elements perform best and make data-driven optimizations for better results.

Positive User Perception:

Consistency in your messaging creates a sense of professionalism and trustworthiness. Because users are more likely to perceive your brand as reliable and credible, it can positively influence their decision-making process.

Strong Branding Impact:

Consistent themes in your ads and landing pages reinforce your brand identity. When users encounter your brand consistently across different touchpoints, it enhances brand recognition and loyalty.

Easier Campaign Management:

Ad Groups with consistent themes are easier to manage and optimize. Grouping related keywords and ads together streamlines your campaign management process, allowing you to focus on specific themes and performance metrics.

How to Analyze and Optimize Ad Group Performance?

Analyzing and optimizing Ad Group performance is crucial for improving the effectiveness of your Google Ads campaigns and achieving your advertising goals. Here are the steps to effectively analyze Ad Group performance and strategies for optimization:

Analyzing Ad Group Performance:

  • Key Metrics to Watch:
    • Click-Through Rate (CTR): Measures the percentage of clicks divided by impressions. A high CTR indicates that your ad is relevant and engaging to users.
    • Conversion Rate: Measures the percentage of users who completed the desired action (e.g., making a purchase or filling out a form) after clicking on your ad.
    • Cost-Per-Click (CPC): Shows the average cost of each click on your ad.
    • Quality Score: Google’s rating of the relevance and quality of your keywords, ad copy, and landing page. A higher Quality Score leads to better ad performance and lower costs.
    • Return on Ad Spend (ROAS) or Cost-Per-Conversion (CPC): Measures the revenue generated for each dollar spent on advertising.
  • Segmentation for Analysis:
    • Segment your Ad Groups by different criteria, such as keyword match types, device types, locations, and time of day. Analyzing these segments helps you identify patterns and opportunities for optimization.
  • Identify High and Low Performing Ad Groups:
    • Determine which Ad Groups are driving the best results in terms of CTR, conversion rate, and ROAS. Focus on replicating successful strategies across your campaign.
  • Analyze Search Query Reports:
    • Review search query reports to identify which search queries trigger your ads. This helps you find new keywords to add or negative keywords to exclude.

Strategies for Optimization:

  • A/B Testing:
    • Conduct A/B tests for ad variations within each Ad Group. Test different headlines, descriptions, CTAs, and extensions to identify which combinations drive the best performance.
  • Keyword Refinement:
    • Continuously analyze the performance of your keywords. Remove low-performing keywords and add new relevant keywords to keep your Ad Group focused and efficient.
  • Bid Management:
    • Adjust your bids based on keyword performance, competition, and campaign goals. Bid higher for keywords with higher conversion rates and adjust bids for different devices and locations.
  • Negative Keywords:
    • Add negative keywords to prevent your ads from showing for irrelevant search queries. This improves ad targeting and reduces wasted ad spend.
  • Ad Copy Optimization:
    • Continuously refine your ad copy to improve relevance and CTR. Incorporate high-performing keywords into your ad copy and test different messaging strategies.
  • Landing Page Optimization:
    • Ensure that your landing pages are highly relevant to the keywords and ad copy in your Ad Group. Optimize landing page content, design, and calls-to-action to improve conversion rates.
  • Ad Schedule Optimization:
    • Analyze the performance of your Ad Groups at different times of the day or days of the week. Adjust your ad schedule to focus on high-converting periods.
  • Use Ad Extensions:
    • Take advantage of various ad extensions, such as sitelinks, call extensions, and location extensions, to enhance your ad’s visibility and provide additional information to users.
  • Monitor Competitors:
    • Keep an eye on your competitors’ strategies and adjust your bids and ad copy accordingly to maintain a competitive advantage.
  • Budget Management:
    • Allocate your budget strategically among high-performing Ad Groups. Regularly review budget distribution to ensure you are getting the most value from your ad spend.

What Mistakes Should Be Avoided When Setting Up Ad Groups?

When setting up Ad Groups in Google Ads, it’s crucial to avoid common mistakes that can negatively impact the effectiveness of your campaigns. Here are some pitfalls to watch out for and cautionary advice to ensure successful Ad Group creation:

  • Diluting Keyword Focus:
    • Mistake: Including too many unrelated or loosely related keywords in a single Ad Group.
    • Cautionary Advice: Keep each Ad Group focused on a specific theme or topic. Group closely related keywords together to maintain ad relevance and improve Quality Score.
  • Neglecting Ad Copy:
    • Mistake: Paying little attention to ad copy and using generic or uninspiring messaging.
    • Cautionary Advice: Craft compelling ad copy that aligns with the keywords in the Ad Group. Highlight unique selling points and use persuasive language to encourage clicks.
  • Using Broad Match Keywords Exclusively:
    • Mistake: Relying solely on broad match keywords, which can lead to irrelevant ad impressions and clicks.
    • Cautionary Advice: Utilize a mix of keyword match types, including phrase match and exact match, to have better control over the relevance of your ads and reduce irrelevant clicks.
  • Neglecting Mobile Optimization:
    • Mistake: Ignoring the importance of mobile optimization for ad copy and landing pages.
    • Cautionary Advice: With a significant portion of searches happening on mobile devices, ensure that your ad copy and landing pages are mobile-friendly to provide a seamless user experience.
  • Ignoring Competitor Research:
    • Mistake: Failing to analyze competitor strategies and staying updated on industry trends.
    • Cautionary Advice: Regularly monitor competitor ad campaigns and adjust your strategies accordingly to maintain a competitive advantage.
  • Inadequate Bid Management:
    • Mistake: Setting bids and forgetting about them without ongoing optimization.
    • Cautionary Advice: Continuously monitor keyword performance and adjust bids to maximize ROI. Bid higher for high-converting keywords and adjust bids based on location and device performance.
  • Neglecting Analytics and Data:
    • Mistake: Ignoring campaign data and not using it to make data-driven decisions.
    • Cautionary Advice: Regularly analyze campaign data and use insights to optimize your Ad Groups. Base your decisions on performance metrics rather than assumptions.
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